EFFECT OF DATE OF SOWING AND CUTTING INTERVALS ON GROWTH ATTRIBUTE AND YIELD OF LUCERNE [MEDICAGO SATIVA L.] UNDER NORTH GUJARAT AGRO-CLIMATIC CONDITIONS
AMIT KUMAR AND A. G. PATEL
Centre for Agroforestry, Forage Crops and Green Belt,
Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar-385 506
(Received: 2 October 2013; Accepted: 26 October 2013)
An experiment was carried out at the Agronomy Instructional Farm, C. P. College of Agriculture, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar during rabi season of 2011-12 to find out the optimum date of sowing and cutting interval for lucerne crop under north Gujarat agro-climatic conditions. The results of growth parameters indicated that significantly higher plant height was recorded by 10th November sowing and 30 days cutting interval after common cut in the mean values of all cuts. Similarly, the mean number of leaves per plant and mean leaf area per plant was significantly higher by sowing the crop on 10th November and 30 days cutting interval after common cut and it was followed by 20th November sowing and 30 days cutting interval. Whereas, significantly higher mean leaf: stem ratio was noted by 11th October sowing and 15 days cutting interval in the mean values of all cuts.
Key words: Growth attribute, leaf area, plant height, number of leaf, green forage yield, Lucerne
GENETIC VARIBILITY AND CORRELATION COEFFICIENT IN PEARL MILLET [PENNISETUM GLAUCUM (L.) R. BR. EMEND STUNTZ]
MAMTA CHOUDHARY1, D.K.GARG2, R.S.SAINI3, B.L.JAT4
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics,
College of Agriculture, Bikaner (Rajasthan), India
(Received: 17 December 2013; Accepted: 27 December 2013)
The present investigation was carried out to estimate genetic variability, correlation, among 30 genotypes of pearlmillet for 11 characters. These hybrids were evaluated in RBD during kharif 2012 at ARS, Bikaner. Analysis of variance indicated presence of considerable variability for all the 11 characters. Number of effective tillers/plant and biological yield/plant had high estimate of GCV and PCV. It also had high heritability associated with high genetic advance as per cent of mean. Thus, these should be given due emphasis while making a direct selection through these traits. Harvest index and seed yield/plant had moderate estimates of GCV, PCV, heritability and genetic advance. Therefore, selection for these characters would also be effective.The result from character association indicated that grain yield per plant had significantly and positive correlation with ear head length (cm), number of effective tillers/plant and biological yield/plant (g) at phenotypic level.
Key words : Genetic variability, estimate of GCV and PCV, character association and pearl millet.
DRY MATTER AND STRAW YIELD IN WHEAT AS INFLUENCED BY PRECEDING CROPS, PLANTING METHODS AND IRRIGATION LEVELS
SURESH KUMAR, A.S. DHINDWAL AND R.K. ARYA
RDS Seed Farm,
CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar
(Received: 13 December 2013; Accepted: 27 December 2013)
Dry matter and straw yield wheat succeeding mungbean and sorghum was evaluated under two planting methods and three irrigation levels during 2003-2004 and 2004-05 at research farm of CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana (India). The treatments consisted of two preceding crops viz., sorghum as green fodder and moong as grain and two planting methods viz., conventional and zero-tillage in main plots and three irrigation levels viz., irrigation at CRI + IW/CPE of 0.5, 0.7 and 0.9 in sub plots, replicated thrice. Total dry weight recorded at spike initiation, anthesis, milk and physiological maturity stages of wheat crop during both the crop seasons was substantially higher after moong than the sorghum. Wheat planted by zero tillage accumulated significantly higher total dry weight at all the growth stages during both the crop seasons compared to conventional tillage. The dry matter accumulation increased significantly with the increase in level of irrigation from irrigation at CRI + IW/CPE=0.5 to 0.9 during the first crop season, however, at spike initiation stage the dry matter accumulation was at par among the irrigation levels. Straw yield of wheat succeeding moong was significantly higher during the two crop seasons (7288 and 6856 kg/ha) as compared to that succeeding sorghum (6342 and 6561 kg/ha). Zero tillage in wheat produced significantly higher pooled straw yield (6969 kg/ha) as compared to conventional tillage (6555 kg/ha). Higher level of irrigation at CRI + IW/CPE=0.9 produced higher straw yield of wheat during both the crop seasons than lower levels of CRI + IW/CPE=0.5 and 0.7. Nitrogen content in wheat straw was higher succeeding moong than sorghum in both the crop seasons. Planting methods did not influence the N content in wheat straw during the first crop season, but in second crop season its content in wheat straw was higher under conventional tillage than zero tillage. Nitrogen content in straw was higher with lower level of irrigation at CRI + IW/CPE=0.5 than at higher levels of CRI + IW/CPE=0.7 and 0.9.
Key words: Wheat, zero-tillage, preceding crops, irrigation levels, dry matter accumulation, straw yield
EFFECT OF DIFFERENT NITROGEN LEVELS ON NUTRITIONAL QUALITY AND NITRATE NITROGEN ACCUMULATION IN FORAGE PEARL MILLET GENOTYPES GROWN UNDER RAINFED CONDITIONS
S. V. DAMAME, R. N. BHINGARDE AND S. H. PATHAN1
AICRP on Forage Crops,
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth,
Rahuri -413 722 (MS), India
(Received: 6 January 2014; Accepted: 26 January 2014)
The application of nitrogen levels on pearl millet genotype produced significantly higher green forage yield of 447.82 q ha-1 and crude protein yield of 6.60 q ha-1 in BAIF Bajra. Whereas, the genotype Gaint bajra recorded the highest dry matter yield of 75.88 q ha-1 and Raj bajra chari-2 with the highest crude protein content of 9.33 per cent. The application of 100kg N ha-1 noticed significantly higher green forage yield of 400.32 q ha-1, dry matter yield 75.34 q ha-1 and crude protein yield of 6.98 q ha-1. The application of 100 kg N ha-1 recorded significantly higher and toxic level of nitrate-N in case of BAIF bajra, JHPM-05-1 and NDFB-02 than all other genotypes. The genotype Giant bajra recorded non-toxic level of nitrate-N on application of 100 kg N ha-1 with the highest dry matter yield and green forage yield of 447.72 q ha-1 which is at par with BAIF bajra.
Key words: Forage pearl millet, nitrogen levels, nitrate nitrogen, yield, quality.
PERFORMANCE OF SINGLE CUT FORAGE SORGHUM GENOTYPES TO DIFFERENT FERTILITY LEVELS
D.S. RANA, BHAGAT SINGH, K. GUPTA AND A. K. DHAKA*1
Forage Section, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding,
CCS HAU, Hisar-125 004 (Haryana), India
(Received: 1 October 2013; Accepted: 25 October 2013)
A field experiment was conducted at main Forage Research Area, CCS HAU, Hisar with five single cut sorghum genotypes (SPV 1846, SPV 1847, PC 1003, CSV 21F and HC 308) were grown with four fertility levels viz. control, 50% recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF), 100% RDF (80 kg N+30 kg P2O5/ha) and 150% RDF. The plant height, number of tillers per meter row length, green fodder and dry matter yield of sorghum genotypes were significantly influenced by different fertility level. The highest green fodder yield (523.6 q/ha) and dry matter yield (140.4 q/ha) were recorded in genotype CSV 21F followed by genotype PC 1003. The maximum plant height, number of tillers, green fodder and dry matter yield were recorded at 150 percent of recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF), which was significantly higher than lower doses of fertilizer. An increase of 55.35, 22.36 and 11.82 percent in green fodder yield and 90.42, 36.04 and 17.78 percent in dry matter yield was recorded with the application of 150% RDF over control, 50% RDF and 100% RDF, respectively. The highest crude protein yield and digestible dry matter (DDM) were also recorded with 150% RDF which was significantly higher than lower fertility levels.
Key words: single cut forage sorghum,fodder, yield, crude protein, digestible dry matter
INTERCROPPING OF OILSEED CROPS WITH OAT FODDER IN RICE FALLOWS UNDER RAINLFED CONDITION
P. AMONGE, K. THAKURIA AND J. K. SAIKIA1
Department of Agronomy,
Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-13
(Received: 15 November 2013; Accepted: 27 November 2013)
A field experiment was carried out in rice fallows at Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat during rabi season of 2011-12 under rainfed condition. The treatment consisted of sole crop of oat, linseed and toria along with inter-cropping with linseed and toria in 1:1, 2:1, 2:2 and 3:1 row proportions. Altogether eleven treatments were arranged in randomized block design with three replications. Inter-cropping treatments proved superior in terms of different growth characters and yield of oat. The highest dry matter and oat green fodder equivalent yields were recorded in oat + linseed inter-cropping system though the effects were non-significant. Among different row proportions, the highest green fodder equivalent yield was accorded in 2:1 row ratio. The dry matter and crude protein contents as well as net return and benefit-cost ratio were recorded highest in oat+linseed inter-cropping.
Key words: Intercropping, oat, linseed, toria, rainfed.
OPTIMISING SOWING TIME OF MULTI-CUT SORGHUM FOR MAXIMISING FODDER YIELD
SURESH KUMAR, R. K. ARYA AND K. K. DAHIYA1
Ram Dhan Singh Seed Farm,
CCS HAU, Hisar-125 004 (Haryana), India
(Received: 13 December 2013; Accepted: 27 December 2013)
In India, there is a short supply of about 38 percent green fodder, especially during the summer season. Sorghum is an important widely grown for forage. It is fast growing, palatable, nutritious and utilized as silage and hay besides fresh feeding. Sorghum crop is adaptive to vast environmental conditions and in India, it provides green fodder to the animals for a considerable length of period i.e., from May to November. The quality of sorghum feed and fodder is acceptable for feeding all animals. The sowing time of the multi-cut sorghum affects the fodder supply to considerable extent and hence, proper sequencing of the sowing time should be done in order to achieve maximum fodder yield alongwith maintaining the regular supply of the green fodder. Therefore, the present study was carried out at Fodder Production Unit, CCSHAU, Hisar during kharif season 2009 by staggered sowing of the multi-cut sorghum every month starting from April to September. The results revealed that sowing of the multi-cut sorghum during the month of first forthnight of May produces the maximum green fodder yield, which was followed by sowing during the second fortnight of April. The maximum fodder yield of multi-cut sorghum with sowing during this period may be due to less attack insect pests at the juvenile stage due to high temperature high temperature prevailing during summer months. Therefore, crop had opportunity to grow and develop upto maximum extent.
Key words:Sowing time, fodder yield, and sorghum
GRAIN YIELD AND QUALITY IMPROVEMENT IN FENUGREEK : A REVIEW
MANOJ KUMAR*, MAHAVIR PARSAD AND R. K. ARYA1
Department of Vegetable Science, CCS HAU Hisar
1Department of Genetics & Plant Breeding, CCS HAU Hisar
* (Email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
(Received : 5 August 2013; Accepted: 25 October 2013)
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) is traditionally used as a spice and forage crop in parts of Asia, Europe, Africa, North and South America and Australia. This crop is now being cultivated as an annual forage legume crop and spice crop in India.Its green leaves and seeds are used for multipurpose. 100 g of seeds provide more than 65% of dietary fibre due to its high fibre content and it has an ability to change food texture. It is well known for its gum, fibre, alkaloid, flavonoids, saponin and volatile contents. it is used as food stabilizer, adhesive and emulsifying agent due its fibre, protein and gum content. Without enough variability and successive judicial selection, development of suitable cultivar(s) with high seed yield and quality under prairie conditions will not be possible.To reach its full potential, high yielding, early maturing fenugreek cultivars that produce good seed yield and quality need to be developed. Variants showing improved seed yield and yield attributing traits that can be used for cultivar development.
Key words: Fenugreek, yield, quality improvement
EVALUATION SAINFOIN POPULATIONS IN REACTION TO POWDER MILDEW DISEASE IN DIFFERENT CLIMATE CONDITIONS OF IRAN
MOHAMMAD ALI ALIZADEH *1 AND ALI ASHRAF JAFARI 2
Research Institute of Forest and Rangelands, Tehran, Iran
* corresponding author: E- mail: Alizadeh202003@gmail.com
Agricultural and Natural resources research center of Zanjan, Lurestan and Esfahan province
In order to evaluation of the sainfoin populations, to powder mildew disease in different climate conditions, 40 populations were cultivated in the research stations including: Zanjan (Zanjan province) Semirom (Esfahan province), , Khoramabad (Lourestanprovince), Tabriz (East Azarbyjan), and Sanandaj (Kordestan province). The infected plants were selected and the fungi of Leveillula taurica was identified as agent of powder mildew disease. Result of disease severity index on the populations with natural infection showed that all populations had different degree disease severity index. Combined analysis of variance over locations showed that there were significant differences between locations, populations, populations x locations interaction effects for disease severity index , disease percentage rate and forage yield. Mean comparison of populations showed that disease severity index of two populations including: Poly cross and Oshnavieh were as 0 to 25% and both of them were considered as tolerant populations to powder mildew disease.
Key words: Powder mildew disease, Sainfoin , disease severity index
EVLUATION OF HYBRIDS FOR DRY FODDER YIELD STABILITY IN PEARLMILLET
ABHAY BIKASH, I. S. YADAV AND R. K. ARYA
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, CCSHAU, Hisar-125004
(Received: 13 November 2013; Accepted: 27 November 2013)
An experiment was conducted to study the stability of thirty hybrids of prearlmillet during kharif season at four locations. Analysis of variance for stability (Table 1) revealed that mean squares due to genotypes and environments + G x E interaction were highly significant, indicating thereby existed significant differences among genotypes and also the environments were different from each other and genotypes reacted differently in different environments. The results also revealed that two hybrids viz., 94111A x 1250 and 96111A x (G73-107xbsectap1) were found stable over the environments. The hybrid ICMA97444 x ICMR0/035 was suitable for poor environment.
Key words: Hybrids, environment, stability, dry fodder yield and pearlmillet
MORPHOMETRIC DIVERSITY OF RABI SORGHUM
D. SHIVANI AND CH. SREELAKSHMI
Agricultural Research Station, Tandur
(E mail: email@example.com)
(Received: 7 August 2013; 23September 2013)
Hundred rabi sorghum genotypes grown at Agricultural Research Station, Tandur, ANGRAU, A.P. during rabi 2011-12 were observed for eight different morphological characters and the data were subjected to analysis of variance. Significant differences were recorded among the genotypes with regard to different morphological characters. Eighty genotypes of rabi sorghum were grouped into fourteen clusters following the Tocher’s method of clustering analysis utilizing data on a set of yield and its component characters. Cluster X and XI formed individual clusters and had the maximum genetic divergence. Maximum inter cluster value was observed between clusters XI and VI followed by VI and IX which indicated that the genotypes included in these clusters may give heterotic response and thus better segregants. The lines derived from the same source of parentage were grouped into different clusters demonstrating the impact of selection pressure in increasing genetic diversity.
Keywords: Rabi sorghum, morphological characters, clustering analysis and genetic divergence.
EFFECT OF NITROGEN AND ZINC ON YIELD AND QUALITY OF FODDER SORGHUM (SORGHUM BICOLOR (L.) MOENCH) VARIETIES
MITESH BHOYA, P.P. CHAUDHARI, C.H. RAVAL and P.K. BHATT
Directorate of Research,
S.D. Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar -385506 (Gujarat)
(Received: 14 August 2013 ; Accepted: 25 September)
A field experiment was conducted on loamy sand soil of the Agronomy Instructional Farm, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar to study the, effect of nitrogen and zinc on yield and quality of fodder sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) varieties during summer season of 2011. Eighteen treatment combinations consisting of two varieties, viz., GFS 4 and GFS 5; three levels of nitrogen viz., 40, 80 and 120 kg N ha-1 and three levels of zinc viz., 0, 2 and 4 kg Zn ha-1 were tried in factorial randomized block design with three replications. The results indicated that among the variety of fodder sorghum, GFS 5 performed better in respect to green forage (257 q ha-1) as well as dry matter (119 q ha-1) yield than variety GFS 4. The variety GFS 5 exhibited maximum crude protein, crude fiber, N and Zn content as well as its uptake. Application of 120 kg N ha-1 significantly increased green forage (262.44 q ha-1) as well as dry matter yields (120.28 q ha-1) and enhanced the crude protein, crude fibre content as well as uptake of N and Zn over 40 and 80 kg N ha-1 .Application of zinc @ 4 kg Zn ha-1 was found significantly superior and produced highest green forage (254 q ha-1) and dry matter yield (120 q ha-1) than 2 kg Zn ha-1. Crude protein as well as content and uptake of N and Zn also found maximum with 4 kg Zn ha-1.
Keywords: Fodder sorghum, Nitrogen, Varieties and Zinc.
EFFECT OF FERTILITY LEVELS ON GROWTH, YIELD AND QUALITY OF MULTICUT FORAGE SORGHUM (SORGHUM BICOLOR (L.) MOENCH) GENOTYPES
D.S. RANA, BHAGAT SINGH, K. GUPTA, A. K. DHAKA* AND S. K. PAHUJA
Forage Section, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding
* Department of Agronomy
CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar
(Received: 1 October 2013; Accepted:25 October 2013)
A field experiment was conducted at main Forage Research Area, CCS HAU, Hisar with three multicut genotypes of sorghum (SPH 1622, CSH 20MF and CSH 24MF) were grown with four fertility levels viz. control, 50% recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF), 100% RDF (100 kg N+30 kg P2O5/ha) and 150% RDF. The plant height, green fodder and dry matter yield of multicut sorghum genotypes were significantly influenced by different genotypes and fertility levels. The green fodder and dry matter yield of CSH 20 MF were superior over SPH 1622 and CSH 24 MF on the basis of total of two cuts. The maximum plant height, number of tillers, green fodder and dry matter yield were recorded at 150% RDF, which was significantly higher than lower doses of fertilizer during both the cuts. The highest crude protein yield and digestible dry matter (DDM) were also recorded at 150% RDF.
Key words: multicut sorghum, fertility levels, green fodder and dry matter yield.
EFFECT OF NITROGEN LEVELS ON GREEN FODDER YIELD OF OAT (AVENA SATIVA) VARIETIES
ABHIJEET DUBEY, G.S.RATHI AND RAKESH SAHU
College of Agriculture, JNKV, Jabalpur (M.P.)-482004
(Received 3OCT 2013
Livestock is the integral component of agriculture since times immemorial and its contributions to national economy through milk, meat, wool as well as farm yard manure is enormous. However, the low productivity of our livestock is mainly due to poor availability of feed resources. Amongst several fodder crops, oat proved to be the most successful and suitable fodder crops (Singh, 1971) with the availability of high yielding early, medium and late maturing varieties. Keeping the above view over fodder production this experiment was conducted under Factorial Randomized Block Design with three replications in year rabi 2006 for knowing economic outfit. The variety OS-6 with 120 kg nitrogen/ ha proved significantly superior in producing maximum green fodder, dry matter and crude protein yields and fodder oat cultivar OS-6 with 120 Kg nitrogen/ ha fetched maximum monetary advantage and proved most remunerative with benefit: cost ratio of 2.87.
Keyword: Oat, Forage, N levels, and varieties.
VARIABILITY, CORRELATION AND PATH ANALYSIS STUDIES IN SORGHUM (SORGHUM BICOLOR (L.) MOENCH)
S. K. JAIN AND P. R. PATEL
Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University,
Deesa 385535 (BK) Gujarat. India
*( E mail- firstname.lastname@example.org)
(Received: 20 March, 2012, Accepted: 23 March, 2013)
The present study was carried to know the variability parameters and character association in single cut sorghum varieties under the arid and semi arid condition of Gujarat. Genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) was maximum for green fodder yield followed by dry fodder yield and their per day productivity. High heritability coupled with high genetic advance and high GCV was observed for green fodder yield followed by dry fodder yield and their per day productivity, leaf breadth and plant height. The green fodder yield showed positive and significantcorrelation with dry fodder yield, green and dry fodder yield per day, number of leaves per plant, plant height, leaf length and stem girth. It was also observed that characters that exhibited positive associations with fodder yield have also showed positive associations among them selves. The characters like green and dry fodder yield per day and number of leaves per plant were exerted positive directeffectson green fodder yield. Where as the plant height, leaf length and stem girth showed negative direct effect with green fodder yield, which may be a result of the indirect effect of these traits via other traits.
Key words: variability, character association, path analysis, single cut sorghum