Monthly Archives: June 2014

EFFECT OF PHYSIOLOGICAL MATURITY ON SEED QUALITY OF
MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L.)
ABHINAV DAYAL , N. R. RANGARE, ARUN KUMAR AND MALA KUMARI
Department of Genetics & Plant Breeding,
SHIATS, Allahabad, India
Email: abhinavdayal7@gmail.com)
(Received: 29 May 2014; Accepted: 2 June 2014)

SUMMARY

Considering the lack of information about the time of physiological maturity of maize seeds and its effect on seed quality, this work was aimed to evaluate physiological maturity effect on see quality of maize Seeds of different varieties were harvested at 25, 35, 45 and 55 DAS (Days after silking) at four different stages. Subsequently, the quality of seed samples was determined in the laboratory. It was analysed that seed harvested at 45 DAS showed maximum seed quality in terms of enhanced seed weight, seed germination, seedling length, seedling dry weight and seedling vigor index and minimum electrical conductivity of seed leachates was found at 45 days after silking. HQPM1 variety showed maximum seed weight (30.27 gm) among 13 varieties. BIO 9681 variety showed maximum seed quality parameters viz., seed germination (96.00 %), seedling length (35.51 cm) and seedling vigour index (3760). JH3459 recorded highest seedling dry weight (1.60 mg) and minimum electrical conductivity was observed in PMH1 (0.026). Differences in maximum seedling dry weight of maize cultivars were attributed to variation in genetic constitution. It was concluded that in maize cultivars, maximum seed quality could beachieved at physiological maturity which was found at 45 Days after silking.
Keywords : Maize, physiological maturity, germination, seed quality, seed development

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EVALUATION OF PHENOTYPIC VARIABILITY IN SESBANIA USING MULTIVARIATE ANALYSES

O.P.YADAV AND SAWINDER SINGH

Deptt. of Genetics &. Plant Breeding,

CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, India.

opyadav@hau.ernet.in

(Received: 14 March 2014; 19 May 2014)

SUMMARY

Principal factor analysis was done in Sesbania(using 57 genotypes and 17 variables) which identified five principal factors explaining 70.97% variability altogether. The principal factor analysis without rotation failed to provide clear picture, hence varimax rotation was applied which resulted into clear cut loading of almost similar type of variables on a common principal factor permitting to designate them as grain yield factor, green manuring factor, growth rate factor, etc., according to the type of variables it is loaded with. Genotypes LJ 32, Ses H 3, LJ 37, Ses H 22 and Ses H 33  were found to be better performers with regard to grain yield and its components when all the principal factors were considered simultaneously. These genotypes can further be utilized in breeding programmes for improving grain yield. Further, hierarchical cluster analysis (UPGMA with city block distances) was carried out to classify these 57 Sesbania genotypes on the basis of seventeen grain yield and green manuring related variables which resulted into formation of seven clusters having one to fourteen genotypes. The results of hierarchical cluster analysis and principal factor analysis confirmed the findings of each other.

Key words: Cluster analysis, Sesbania, germplasm and principal factor analysis.

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 EFFECT OF SOWING AND NITROGEN APPLICATION ON YIELD AND QUALITY OF BARLEY (HORDEUM VULGARE

VIMAL KUMAR, A.K. YADAV, SATYAJEET AND J.S. YADAV

Department of Agronomy, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125004,India

(Email:satyajeet_yadav@rediffmail.com)

(Received: 15 April 2014; Accepted: 5 May 2014)

SUMMARY

A field experiment was conducted to study the effect of method of nitrogen application on yield and quality of barley under furrow irrigated raised bed system (FIRBS). Results indicated that sowing under FIRBS 90 cm (3 rows) recorded significantly higher grain and straw yields as compared to FRIBS 90 cm (2 rows) and FRIBS 75 cm (2 rows). Application of nitrogen (N) on top of bed also brought significant improvement on grain and straw yield over N application by broadcasting method. Application of N on top of bed increased the protein content, husk content and decreased in the malt content and hot water extract over N application by broadcasting, however N application before or after irrigation either on top of bed or broadcast did not reflect any significant variation in term of yield and quality parameters.

Key Words: Barley, Furrow irrigated raised bed system (FIRBS), N application methods, yields, quality

 

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PERFORMANCE OF WINTER CROPS IN JATROPHA CURCAS BASE INTERCROPPING SYSTEM IN SEMI-ARID REGION OF HARYANA

M. K. SINGH

 Department of Forestry,

CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125004

 (email: mks.hau.cssri@gmail.com)

(Received:  22 April 2014; Accepted: 9 July 2014)

SUMMARY

A field experiment was conducted to identify suitable crops for Jatropha based intercropping system during winter season of 2005-06 and 2006-07 at Department of Forestry Farm, CCS HAU, Hisar. The production potential of  mustard (Brassica juncea) cv. RH-30, Eruca sativa cv. T-27, chickpea (Cicer arietinum) cv. HC-5 and barley (Hordeum vulgare) cv. BH-393 were evaluated under 5m x 3m spacing of Jatropha. Jatropha plantation had  significant effect on the growth and yield of test crops during both the year of experimentation. However, the growth, yield and yield attributes of all the test crops were reduced more in second year as compared to first year of experimentation. Two year old Jatropha produced negligible seed yield both during 2005-06 and 2006-07 due to frost injury in 2005-06 and excessive vegetative growth during 2006-07. Therefore, susceptibility of Jatropha to frost, requirement of irrigation for flowering and fruiting and poor seed yield has rendered it unsuitable for north India.

 Key words: Performance, intercropping, mustard, Eruca sativa, chickpea, barley

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YIELD, NITROGEN UPTAKE, AVAILABLE SOIL NUTRIENTS AND ECONOMICS OF MULTICUT FODDER SORGHUM (SORGHUM SUDANENSE L.) TO DIFFERENT SEED RATES AND NITROGEN LEVELS

K. S. SOMASHEKAR, B. G. SHEKARA, K. N. KALYANA MURTHY, L. HARISH.

Department of Agronomy, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore-65

Department of Agricultural Extension, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore-65

( e-mail: somashekar.ks18@gmail.com )

(Received: 6 May  2014; Accepted: 7 June 2014)

SUMMARY

A field experiment was conducted at Zonal Agricultural Research Station, Visweswaraiah Canal Farm, Mandya (Karnataka) during kharif season of 2011, to study the yield, nitrogen uptake, available soil nutrients and economics of multicut fodder sorghum (Sorghum sudanense L.) to different seed rates and nitrogen levels under protective irrigated condition. The experiment consisted of 12 treatments were tested in randomized complete block design with factorial concept replicated three times. The mean of four cuts data indicated that seed rate of 7.5 kg ha-1 with the application of 30 kg N ha-1 recorded significantly higher green fodder yield (79.88 and 76.46 t ha-1 respectively),dry matter yield (18.51 and 17.04 t ha-1 respectively), nitrogen uptake (243.83 and 220.11 kg ha-1 respectively), net returns (Rs. 35018 and Rs. 31285 Rs. ha-1 respectively) and B:C ratio (2.40 and 2.20 respectively).

Key words: Fodder sorghum, green forage yield, dry matter yield, available nutrients

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EFFECT OF SODICITY AND NITROGEN LEVELS ON DRY MATTER YIELD, PROTEIN AND NUTRIENT UPTAKE IN PEARL MILLET

NIRANJAN SINGH, S. K. SHARMA, ROHTAS KUMAR, RAJPAL YADAV AND SATYENDER SINGH

Department of Soil Science

CCS Haryana Agricultural University,

 Hisar-125004 (India)

 (Email: nnirajan1234@rediffmail.com)

(Received: 2 June 2014; Accepted: 25 June 2014)

SUMMARY

The present study was carried out in the Department of Soil Science, CCS HAU, Hisar during kharif season in screen house. The experiments were conducted on a sandy soil having initial pH (1:2) 8.21 and ESP 7.88. Soil of different ESP (15, 30 and 45) was prepared. Observed ESP was 7.88, 13.86, 31.15 and 43.79, respectively. The first experiment was conducted in screen house to study the effect of different ESP levels (control, 15, 30 and 45) on pearl millet (HC-20) with fixed 80 kgN/ha dose. In second experiment different Nitrogen levels, 0, 40, 80, 120 kgN/ha on pearl millet at an ESP of 45 were studied. The results on the studies on different ESP levels, revealed that the dry matter yield, plant height, protein content and uptake of nutrients (N, P, K, Ca, Mg & S) decreased with increasing ESP levels. The uptake of micronutrients (Zn, Cu, Mn, & Fe) in pearl millet decreased with increasing ESP levels. However, the studies on different levels on different levels of Nitrogen at 45 ESP, revealed that the dry matter yield, plant height, protein content and uptake of nutrients, N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Na, S, Zn, Cu, Mn, & Fe by pearl millet increased with increasing Nitrogen levels

 

Key words: ESP, Nitrogen, nutrients uptake, dry matter yield, protein content, pearl millet

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EFFECT OF NITROGEN LEVELS, ORGANIC MANURES AND AZOTOBACTER INOCULATION ON YIELD AND ECONOMICS OF MULTI-CUT OATS

UMA DEVI, K.P. SINGH, SURESH KUMARAND MEENA SEWHAG

Department of Agronomy

CCS Haryana Agricultural University,

Hisar-125 004 (Haryana), India

*(e-mail: sureshsilla@gmail.com)

(Received: 01 June 2014; Accepted: 20 June 2014)

SUMMARY

                A field experiment was conducted at Research farm, CCS HAU, Hisar, laid out in split-plot design with treatments comprising of four nitrogen (0, 40, 80 and 120 kg N/ha) and two bio-fertilizer (no inoculation and inoculation with Azotobacter chrococcum) levels in main plots and five levels of organic manures (control, FYM @ 5 t/ha, FYM @ 10 t/ha, vermicompost @ 5 t/ha and vermicompost @ 10 t/ha) in sub-plots, replicated thrice. Application of nitrogen levels significantly improved green fodder yields at fodder harvest (75 DAS), yield attributes, grain and straw yields and net returns up to 80 kg N/ha. Inoculation of oats seed with Azotobacter improved significantly the green fodder yield, yield attributes, grain and straw yields and economic returns of oats during both the years. Among five levels of organic manures, application of vermicompost @ 10 t/ha resulted in maximum green fodder yield, yield attributes, grain and straw yields and economic return which were statistically at par recorded in FYM @ 10 t/ha. Azotobacter inoculation had pronounced effect under no nitrogen or at lower levels of nitrogen than higher levels of nitrogen during both the years of experimentation.

Key words: Oats, Nitrogen, Azotobacter, oraganic manures, fodder yield, grain yield, economics

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FODDER YIELD GAP ANALYSIS OF PEARL MILLET DEMONSTRATION IN Dausa district of Rajasthan

B. L. JAT AND J. K. GUPTA

Krishi Vigyan Kendra- Dausa : 303 303 (Rajasthan)

SK Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner

Email:- drbljat70@gmail.com

(Received 4 June 2014; Accepted 27 June 2014)

 SUMMARY

Fodder Yield of front line demonstration trials and potential yield of the respective variety and year were compared to estimate the fodder yield gap which were further categorized into technology and extension gaps. Technology gaps (3154 kg/ha) was highest in case of RHB 121 at village Singwara in 2008 and lowest (840 kg/ha) of RHB 121 at village Aluda, Reta in the year 2011. Average technology gap were 2272 kg/ha. Extension gap was highest in variety RHB 121 (880) at village Aluda, Reta in year 2011, and lowest (190) at village Malwas in variety RHB 121 in year 2012.  The average extension gap was 443 kg/ha. Technology index was the highest 110.82 per cent at village Singwara in the year 2008, and lowest 16.28 per cent at village Aluda, Reta in 2011 with the variety RHB 121. The average technology index was found 69.30 per cent. The highest pearl millet fodder yield of FLD were found 5290 kg/ha and lowest yield were found 2846 kg/ha.  Average fodder yield of front line demonstration were found 3854 kg/ha and in local check/ farmers practice it was 3411 kg/ha.  The study indicated that average per cent increase in fodder yield was 13.16 (443 kg/ha). Average per cent increase of gross return were found 15.98 per cent and average net return were found 25.44 per cent which shows front line demonstrations can be increasing the living standard of farming community of Dausa District. Across the years front line demonstrations were found higher fodder productivity ranging from 8.75 to 20.56 per cent and higher B: C ratio from 1.67 to 4.34. Front line demonstrations shows in respect of per cent increase of yield and B:C ratio is sufficient for increasing production of pearl millet and increasing living standard of farmers community of Dausa district. The study reveals that overall per cent increase in net returns was 25.44 (Rs 1920/ha). It assumes that if farmers of Dausa district adopt the demonstrated technology in current pearl millet area (125000 ha) can earn additional benefit in terms of net return over farmers practice Rs. 24 crores per year improving their socioeconomic status of the farmers

Key wards: – Front line demonstration, dry fodder yield of pearl millet, impact, economics, B: C ratio

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EFFECT OF TILLAGE PRACTICES AND NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT ON YIELD AND ECONOMICS OF FODDER OAT

SAHAJA DEVA, AMBIKA TANDON AND PRAGYA PANDEY

 IGKV, Raipur, Chhattisgarh

(Email: sahajareddy.deva@gmail.com)

(Recived: 8 April 2014; Accepted: 27 june 2014)

SUMMARY

A field experiment was conducted atduring, IGKV, Raipur, Chhattisgarh rabi, 2011-12 to study the effect of tillage practices and nutrient management on growth, fodder yield and quality of oat (Avena sativa L.). The treatments comprised zero tillage, minimal tillage and conventioanal tillage I main plots and 75 % RDF, 75% RDF + Bio-fertilizers, 100% RDF, 100% RDF + Bio-fertilizers in sub plots. The experiment conducted showed that highest green and dry fodde yields were recorded in the plots treated with conventioanl tillage.Highest net returns and B:C ratio was ecorded under plots treated with conventioanl tillage. In case of nutrient management highest green fodder and dry foder yields and net returns and B:C ratio was recorded in the plots treated with 100% RDF + Bio-fertilizers (Azotobacter and PSB).

key words: tillage practices, nutrient management, oat,  fodder yield and  quality

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Contribution of production factors to the GRAIN yield and economics of pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.]

arun kumar, anil kumar, l. k. midha and b. s. duhan

Department of Genetics & Plant Breeding

CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India

                                                (Email : anilbajra2009@gmail.com)

(Received: 6 April 2014; Accepted: 17 May 2014)

SUMMARY

The present experiment was conducted at Research Farm of the Department of Agronomy, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar during kharif  season of  2011 with the objective to quantify the contribution of different production factors on the grain productivity of pearl millet. T1 : FPP [RDF (125 kg N+62.5 kg P/ha) + ZnSO4 @ 25 kg /ha+ biofertilizer biomix (Azospirillum +PSB) + thinning and gap filling + weeding and hoeing (20 and 35 DAS) + irrigation] , T2 : T1 – RDF (N and P), T3 : T1 – ZnSO4 @ 25 kg /ha, T4 : T1­­­ – biomix, T5 : T1 – Thinning and gap filling (19 DAS), T6 : T1 – Weeding and hoeing (20 and 35 DAS), T7 : T1 – Irrigation and T8 : Control in randomized block design with three replications. Non adoption of individual factors  RDF (T2), ZnSO4 (T3), biomix (T4), thinning and gap filling (T5), weeding and hoeing (T6) and irrigation (T7) caused a decrease in grain yield by 32.8, 12.2, 7.7, 16.7, 30.1, 20.2, 48.0 (control) per cent and stover yield  by 22.7, 7.9, 4.0, 10.0, 18.9, 16.0 and 32.2 per cent (control) than T1 (FPP),  respectively.  Maximum gross returns (Rs. 48727/ha), net returns (Rs. 16926/ha) and B : C ratio (1.53) were found in treatment T1 followed by T4.

 Key words : Production factors, yield, economics, pearl millet

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FODDER PROMOTION LINKED REJUVENATION OF RIANJ (QUERCUS LANUGINOSA)

SUNIL PRASAD AND YASHPAL BISHT

Himmotthan Society, Vasant Vihar, Dehradun

Email: bisht.yashpal@gmail.com

(Received: 21 May 2014; Accepted: 8 June 2014)

Project (IFLDP) in the village in 2009. After the participation of Himmotthan society along with partner NGO-Himalaya Gram Vikas Sammitti (HGVS), creative ideas were developed among the villagers to strengthen the dairy sector by using local resources. Villagers bought up a 16 ha degraded area under fodder grasses largely Napier plantation in 2009 under IFLDP intervention. Now the village is a successful model and producing a surplus green fodder along with rejuvenation of promising tree fodder species Rianj (Quercus lanuginosa) within the fodder plot and in addition generating various ecological services. Protection of the area also improved soil health.

Key words: Fodder promotion, rejuvenation, rainj


 

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