Volume Archives: Vol. 44 No 4 (March 2019)

INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUES IN FODDER PRODUCTION-A REVIEW
SRUTHI LIZ THOMAS AND USHA C THOMAS*
AICRP on Forage Crops & Utilization,
College of Agriculture,
Vellayani, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala- 695 522, India
*(e-mail : ushacthomas@gmail.com)
(Received : 2 March 2019; Accepted : 28 March 2019)

SUMMARY

Livestock is the sub-sector of agriculture which plays an important role in nutritional security, particularly of small and marginal farmers. But productivity of our animals is much less than global average due to many reasons, feed and fodder deficiency being the major one. Considering the feed shortage and unavailability of land for fodder cultivation, it is the need of the hour to adopt innovative methods in fodder cultivation both in production and preservation of fodder. Improved methods in fodder production can be considered under four aspects which includes: seed technology, system approach, hi-tech farming and adopting mechanisation in fodder production. Improved methods in preservation includes; technological interventions in hay and silage like additives for quality hay and silage, preserving as haylage, balage and making dehydrated products like pellets and cubes.

Key words: Hitech farming, BN hybrid, Deenanath grass, Guinea grass, System approach

217-223

AGRONOMY- A KEY TO INFLUENCE FODDER TOXIC SUBSTANCES – A REVIEW
HARPREET KAUR OBEROI* AND MANINDER KAUR
Forage and Millet Section, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics
Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
*(e-mail : harpreetoberoi@pau.edu)
(Received : 18 March 2019; Accepted : 30 March 2019)

SUMMARY

Fodder crops quality depends on the toxic substances present in it. The three main toxic substances viz. nitrate, oxalate and HCN are most important and are present in different fodder crops and the appropriate agronomic management strategies which have the potential to increase the green fodder yield also has the potential to improve the fodder quality by influencing these most common toxic elements. The influence of agronomy on these negative impact nutrients in various fodder have been discussed. The fertilization application of nitrogen in split doses provides better nutrient distribution and reduces the potential for nitrate toxicity whereas the increase nitrogen application and unirrigated conditions resulted in increase in nitrate but well under toxic level. The form of fertilization also alters the antinutrients levels such as FYM with phosphate fertilizer resulted in lower nitrate content in berseem. Sowing time showed variation in oxalate level in Napier Bajra hybrid. Similarly, sowing of sorghum in also influenced the HCN production. Therefore, the agronomy is found to be the key to improve forage quality by changing content of antinutrients along with yield by adopting appropriate agronomic practices from seed sowing till harvesting.

Key words: Fodder crops, toxic traits, agronomic practices, anti-nutrients

224-229

GENETIC DIVERGENCE STUDIES IN FODDER COWPEA (VIGNA UNGUICULATA) USING D2 STATISTICS
V. S. PRAVEENA*, MAREEN ABRAHAM AND VIJAYARAGHAVA KUMAR
College of Agriculture,
Vellayani, Kerala, India
*(e-mail : praveenavs100@gmail.com)
(Received : 24 January 2019; Accepted : 26 February 2019)

SUMMARY

Thirty genotypes of fodder cowpea were evaluated in field during the kharif season of 2016 for fourteen characters at College of Agriculture, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellayani, Kerala, India. Based on D2 analysis, these genotypes were grouped into eleven clusters. Cluster analysis revealed that cluster I (10 genotypes) and cluster II (5 genotypes) were the largest groups, followed by cluster III (4 genotypes) and cluster IV (4 genotypes). All other clusters from cluster V to cluster XI had only one genotype each. The maximum intra-cluster D2 value was shown by cluster IV (146.57), followed by cluster I (127.52), cluster II (101.49) and cluster III (55.47). Highest inter-cluster D2 values among genotypes existed between cluster VIII and cluster X (1559.98), followed by cluster VIII and cluster XI (1480.33), cluster VIII and cluster II (1367.65), and cluster VIII and cluster IV (1309.08). Minimum inter-cluster D2 values among genotypes existed between cluster XI and cluster IX (160.10) followed by cluster I and cluster III (164.51), cluster XI and cluster IV (167.47). The analysis clearly shows the existence of significant difference between the 3o genotypes under study for the 14 characters. Hence selection of suitable parents for further breeding programmes based on the requirement can be done from the available gene pool.

Key words: Minicore, cluster, diversity and sorghum

230-236

GENETIC DIVERGENCE STUDIES FOR AGRO-MORPHOLOGICAL, INSECT PEST AND QUALITY PARAMETERS IN MINI CORE COLLECTION OF FORAGE SORGHUM
VIJAYLAXMI, S. K. PAHUJA*, PUMMY KUMARI AND U. N. JOSHI
Forage Section, Dept. of Genetics and Plant Breeding,
CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana-125004, India
*(e-mail : pahujask@gmail.com)
(Received : 10 January 2019; Accepted : 25 March 2019)

SUMMARY

Sorghum is the important cereal crop with multiple uses like food, feed, fodder, fuel and medicines etc. Hence exploration of existing variability in sorghum and its proper utilization for trait specific breeding is essential for sorghum improvement. In the present investigation, sixty one mini core of sorghum were screened for genetic diversity for 30 traits including quantitative and qualitative, out of which except leaf breadth all traits were contributing to variability were selected for genetic diversity analysis. By using hierarchical cluster analysis, the 40 accessions were grouped under 6 clusters. Cluster I contained maximum number of accessions and cluster VI contained the minimum. The maximum inter-cluster distance was observed between cluster VI and cluster IV. Cluster III had the highest mean value for hundred-seed weight and yield. Thus the selection of parents must be based on the wider inter-cluster distance and superior mean performance for yield and yield attributing traits. Therefore present investigation was planned to exploit the existence of a wide genetic diversity present in quantitative and qualitative traits in sorghum accessions which can be further used for sorghum genetic improvement.

Key words: Minicore, cluster, diversity and sorghum

237-241

DIVERSITY ANALYSES OF FORAGE TRAITS IN SORGHUM (SORGHUM BICOLOR L.) GERMPLASM
YUVARAJA. A*, A. CHINTHIYA, R. SANGEETHA, S.VISWA BHARATHY AND K. RAJARAJAN
Department of Millets,
Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics,
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University,
Coimbatore-641003 (Tamil Nadu), India
*(e-mail : yugenetics@yahoo.com)
(Received : 14 March 2019; Accepted : 30 March 2019)

SUMMARY

Sorghum germplasm including TNAU released varieties, dual purpose sorghum, forage sorghum, sweet sorghum, Maldhandi collections, ICRISAT lines and Tamil Nadu Local land races were evaluated for forage traits during the rabi 2016 to study the divergence using multivariate (D2) analysis. Results revealed four distinct cluster indicates that the germplasm had variation between group of cluster. The intra-cluster distances in all the four clusters were registered low, indicating that the genotypes within the same cluster were closely related for its forage value. The highest inter-cluster distance was observed between cluster I (14 genotypes) and cluster IV (2 genotypes) and the lowest between the cluster II (25 genotypes) and III (85 genotypes). The clustering pattern revealed that genetic diversity was not necessarily correlated with geographical origins but depends on forage traits viz., plant height, leaf area index, leaf area and stem thickness. The grouping of accessions into different clusters describes the breeder to identify and select the diverse genotypes, which can be used as the donor parents in breeding programme to realize heterosis. Intercrossing of divergent groups leads to wide genetic base in the base population and greater opportunities for crossing over to occur, which releases hidden variability by breaking the close linkages.

Key words: Sorghum, forage sorghum, Leaf are index, diversity, cluster analysis

242-246

STUDY OF HETEROSIS FOR YIELD AND YIELD ATTRIBUTES CHARACTERS IN FORAGE SORGHUM [SORGHUM BICOLOR (L.) MOENCH]
N. R. PARMAR, M. P. PATEL, P. R. PATEL AND N.B. PATEL*
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, C. P. College of Agriculture
Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar-385 506, Gujarat, India
*(e-mail : patelnitin77@gmail.com)
(Received : 28 September 2018; Accepted : 30 March 2019)

SUMMARY

Heterosis analysis was carried out in 28 F1 hybrids and their 8 diverse parents for fodder yield, its quality and other yield related traits during Kharif 2016-17 at Sorghum Research Station, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Deesa. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among the genotypes, parents and hybrids for all the traits. Several crosses exhibited significantly desirable heterobeltiosis and economic heterosis for green fodder yield plant-1 and other characters. On the basis of per se performance and estimates of heterosis, the crosses DSF 127 X CSV 15, CSV 21 F X MP Chari, DSF 117 X DSF 123, CSV 15 X GFS 4, DSF 123 X GFS 4 and CSV 21 F X GFS 4 were found most promising for green fodder yield per plant.

Key words: Heterosis, Forage sorghum, Fodder yield

247-250

CORRELATION AND PATH COEFFICIENT ANALYSIS OF ADVANCE GENERATION OF MUTANT OATS (AVENA SATIVA L.) LINES
KAVITA GUPTA* AND A. K. MEHTA
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding,
Principal Scientist AICRP on Forage Crops,
Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur-482004, M.P., India
*(e-mail : mayurikavi1989@gmail.com)
(Received : 20 March 2019; Accepted : 30 March 2019)

SUMMARY

The present investigation was carried out to evaluate 118 mutant oats including three checks JO-1, JO 03-91 and Kent for association among traits and to judge the direct and indirect effect of
various yield and its attributing traits in pooled of M4 and M5 generation. The study were conducted during Rabi season 2016-17 and Rabi 2017-18 under All India Coordinated Research Project on Forage Crops, Seed Breeding Farm, JNKVV, Jabalpur. Data obtained for correlation and path studies suggested the most important traits observed among the mutant lines were dry matter yield per plant per day, thousand seed weight, plant height hence, direct selection may be effective for the improvement of these characters because these traits had highly significant and positive correlation along with direct positive effect with dry matter yield per plant. Whereas, the characters crude protein yield per plant, crude protein yield per plant per day and panicle weight were also found important as, indirect selection through such traits may be effective in yield improvement as the correlation is mainly due to indirect effects of the character through other component trait. Moreover, these traits can be considered for
formulating plant ideotype and selection based on these characters shall be rewarding for higher yield.

Key words: Correlation, yield, ideotype, selection, crude protein

251-254

PER SE PERFORMANCE OF GENOTYPES AND ASSOCIATION STUDIES IN GUINEA GRASS (PANICUM MAXIMUM JACQ.)
P. RAMAKRISHNAN*, C. BABU, K. IYANAR AND N. MANIVANNAN
Department of Forage Crops, Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics,
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641 003, India
*(e-mail : rama.tnau@gmail.com)
(Received : 11 February 2019; Accepted : 25 March 2019)

SUMMARY

Evaluation of 60 Guinea grass genotypes collected from various sources was carried out. Observations were recorded on plant height, number of tillers per plant, number of leaves per plant, leaf weight, leaf stem ratio, green fodder yield per plant and dry matter content along with quality traits such as crude protein content, crude fibre content, crude fat content of the grass and analyzed statistically. Among the genotypes, GGLC 12, GGLC 19, FD 679 and GGLC 1 were recorded the highest mean value of fodder yield and crude protein content. Correlation analysis revealed that green fodder yield per plant was positively and significantly correlated with number of tillers per plant, number of leaves per plant, leaf weight and dry matter content. owever negative association was observed with crude fibre content, crude fat content. Hence selecting Guinea grass genotypes with more number of tillers per plant, number of leaves per plant, leaf weight and crude protein content will help to improve fodder yield and quality. On account of this per se performance and trait association it has been found that genotypes GGLC 12, GGLC 19, FD 679 and GGLC 1 were potential genotypes for yield and quality.

Key words: Guinea grass – Per se performance – association analysis, evaluation

255-259

PERFORMANCE OF BERSEEM (TRIFOLIUM ALEXANDRINUM L.) GENOTYPES AT DIFFERENT PHOSPHORUS LEVELS
UMA DEVI AND SATPAL*
Department of Agronomy & Forage Section, Dept. of Genetics & Plant Breeding
CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004 (Haryana), India
* (e-mail : satpal.fpj@gmail.com)
(Received : 20 February 2019; Accepted : 26 March 2019)

SUMMARY

A field experiment was conducted at Forage Research Farm, Dept. of Genetics and Plant breeding, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (Haryana) during winter season (rabi) of 2017-18 to study the response of different phosphorus levels on the yield and quality of berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) genotypes. The experiment was laid out in split plot design with five promising berseem genotypes (JB-05-9, PC-82, Wardan, Mescavi and Bundel Berseem-2) in main plot and three phosphorus levels in sub plot (60, 80 and 100 kg P2O5/ha) and replicated thrice. Maximum number of tillers/ft2 was recorded in Wardan which was at par with all entries except Bundel Berseem-2. Highest total green fodder and dry matter yield (687 and 93 q/ha, respectively) were recorded in variety JB-05-9 which was at par with all berseem varieties except Bundel Berseem-2. Maximum B: C ratio (1.37) was also observed in JB-05-9 followed by Wardan. Among different levels of phosphorus, highest green
fodder yield, dry matter yield, average number of tillers/ft2 and plant height were recorded with the application of 100 kg P2O5/ha which were found at par with 80 kg P2O5/ha but significantly superior to 60 kg P2O5/ha. Highest crude protein content (21.96%) was also estimated with 100 kg P2O5/ha which was significantly superior over the lower levels of phosphorus (60 and 80 kg P2O5/ha). Similar trend was also observed in crude protein yield. B: C ratio was found to be highest (1.38) with 100 kg P2O5/ha followed by 80 kg P2O5/ha.

Key words: Berseem, green fodder yield, dry matter, phosphorus level, crude protein content

260-263

RESPONSE OF PEARL MILLET TO RHIZOSPHERE BIOFERTILIZERS AND FOLIAR APPLICATION OF AZOTOBACTER ISOLATE UNDER RAINFED SITUATION
SAVITA MEHRA, ANIL KUMAR*, NEELAM AND PARVEEN KUMAR
Bajra Section, Department of Genetics & Plant Breeding
CCS Haryana Agricultural University,
Hisar-125004 (Haryana), India
*(e-mail: anilbajra2009@gmail.com)
(Received : 4 March 2019; Accepted : 29 March 2019)

SUMMARY

The field experiment entitled “Response of pearl millet to Rhizosphere bioferilizers and foliar application of isolate under rainfed conditions” was conducted during the kharif season of 2016 at the Research Farm Area of Genetics and Plant Breeding of CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar with the objective to study the effect of different bio-inoculants (Biomix and Azotobacter) as seed treatment or foliar application along with and without recommended inorganic fertilizers on growth, yield, quality, microbial counts and economics of pearl millet. Twelve different nutrient management combinations i.e. T1 (Control), T2 (Seed treatment with Biomix), T3 (Foliar spray of Azotobacter) isolate JFS5 @ 108cfu/ml at 15 DAS , T4 ( Foliar spray of Azotobacter isolate JFS5 @ 108 cfu/ml at 30 DAS) , T5 (RDF (40 kg N + 20 kg P2O5/ha) , T6 (75 % RDF (30 kg N + 15 kg P2O5/ha) , T7 (T5 + seed treatment with Biomix), T8 (T5 + foliar spray of Azotobacter isolate JFS5 @ 108 cfu/ml at 15 DAS), T9 (T5 + foliar spray of Azotobacter isolate JFS5 @ 108 cfu/ml at 30 DAS) , T10 (T6 + seed treatment with Biomix ), T11 ( T6 + foliar spray of Azotobacter isolate JFS5 @ 108cfu/ml at 15 DAS) and T12 (T6 + foliar spray of Azotobacter isolate JFS5 @ 108 cfu/ml at 30 DAS) was laid out in randomized block design along with three replications. The combined application of Biomix bio-inoculants along with RDF (T7) significantly delayed various phenological events; wherein 50 percent flowering and physiological maturity was delayed by 4.0 and 3.7 days, respectively by this treatment compared to control. The yield attributing parameters [number of ear heads/plant, ear head length (cm), ear head girth (mm), test weight (g)] were also recorded significantly highest under this treatment T7. The pearl millet grain and dry fodder yield were increased by 44.2% (33.40 q/ha) and 42.4% (81.50 q/ha), respectively under Ttreatment over the control (18.64 q/ha grain; 46.95 q/ha dry fodder yield).

Key words: Pearl millet, Biomix, Azotobacter, Azospirillum, Phosphate solubilizing bacteria, phyllosphere, Phenology, Yield attributes, Grain & Stover Yield

264-267

EFFECT OF RECOMMENDED DOSE OF FERTILIZER AND WATER SOLUBLE NPK SPRAY ON YIELD AND ECONOMICS OF BARLEY (HORDEUM VULGARE)
BANWARI LAL JAT
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dausa-303303 (Rajasthan), India
*(e-mail : drbljat70@gmail.com)
(Received : 4 February 2019; Accepted : 28 March 2019)

SUMMARY

The present study was carried out at farmers’ fields of Dausa district of Rajasthan during three consecutive years i.e. Rabi 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2017-18 which falls in Agroclimatic zone IIIa (Semi
arid eastern plain zone). The soils of the experimental fields were sandy loam in texture, alkaline in reaction (pH 8.9-9.1), low in organic matter (0.12 -0.23), and nitrogen content and medium to high in potassium content. The study consists three treatments namely T1– Farmers practice (N45 P20), T2-Recommended practice (N60 P20), T3– Recommended practice (N60 P20) + water soluble NPK (19:19:19) spray at tillering and ear head emergence stage @ 1.5 percent. These treatments were replicated nine times during 2015-16 and ten times during 2016-17 and 2017-18 at farmers’ fields. Treatment T3 being statistically at par with Treatment T2 registered higher ear length by the tune of 0.8, 1.0, 1.0 and 1.01 percent during 2015-16, 2016-17, 2017-18 and three year mean basis over treatment T1, respectively. On the three year mean basis the treatment T3 recorded 9.52 and 3.85 per cent higher number of grains per ear over treatment T1 and T2, respectively. On three year mean basis treatment T3 was recorded 23.21 and 18.07 per cent higher grain yield over treatment T1 and T2, respectively and 15.10 and 9.52 per cent higher fodder yield over treatment T1 and T2, respectively. On the three year mean basis treatment T3 (Rs 96794/ha) recorded 21.39 and 16.10 per cent higher gross returns over treatment T1 and T2, respectively. Similarly on the three year mean basis treatment T3 (Rs 61796/ha) recorded 25.10 and 16.88 per cent higher net returns over treatment T1 and T2, respectively. On the three year mean basis treatment T3 (2.76) recorded 4.94 and 01.10 per cent higher B: C ratio over treatment T1 and T2, respectively.

Key words: Barley, water soluble fertilizer NPK (19:19:19), yield attributes, yield & economics

268-271

EFFECTS OF SORGHUM, MAIZE AND BAJRA DIETS ON EMERGENCE OF RICE MOTH [CORCYRA CEPHALONICA (STAINTON)]
MAHAVIR MALIK* AND RAJESH KUMAR
Department of Entomology,
Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University,
Hisar-125 004 (Haryana), India
*(e-mail : malikmahavirsingh@gmail.com)
(Received : 22 January 2019; Accepted : 22 March 2019)

SUMMARY

Twelve diets of grains were prepared in different combination of sorghum, maize and bajra to rear and maintain the rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica under laboratory conditions. The study revealed
that among all grains and their combination, evaluated, sorghum proved to be significantly better with 86.93 adult emergence upto 80 days after infesting the grains. In case of other than bajra+maize (2+1) and bajra diets 50% moth emergence was achieved within 70 days of infestation in most of diets. The peak emergence of moth was observed during 61-70 days after infesting the grains in case of sorghum, maize, sorghum + maize (2:1), maize + sorghum (2:1). The first and last moth emerged from sorghum, maize, ‘Bajra’, sorghum + Bajra (2:1) maize + sorghum (2:1) maize +Bajra (2:1), Bajra+ maize (2:1), sorghum + Bajra (2:1), Bajra+ sorghum (2:1), sorghum + maize (1:1), maize + Bajra (1:1) and sorghum + Bajra (1+1) was 30 and 141, 31 and 143, 40 and 150, 32 and 142, 32 and 142, 34 and 144 days after infesting the grains, respectively. The emergence of 50 and 80 per cent of moth from sorghum, maize,
sorghum + maize (2:1), maize + sorghum (2:1), maize + Bajra (2:1) was observed up to 70 and 80 days after infesting the grains, while, it was 90 and 110 days after infesting the grains of Bajra, Bajra + maize (2+1). More than 20% moths emerged from sorghum grains alone within 50 days of infestation. Whereas less than 1% moths emerged from bajra diet up to 40 days of infestation as compare to others.

Key words: Bajra, Corcyra cephalonica, grains, development, egg, emergence pattern, maize, rearing, sorghum

272-275

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT FUNGICIDES, ORGANIC AMENDMENTS AND BIO-CONTROL AGENTS ON DRY ROOT ROT OF CLUSTER BEAN [CYAMOPSIS TETRAGONOLOBA (L.) TAUB] CAUSED BY RHIZOCTONIA BATATICOLA (TAUB.) BUTLER
AMAN DHAWAN*, SATISH KUMAR, PANKAJ KUMAR SHARMA AND RAKESH KUMAR CHUGH
Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture,
CCS Haryana Agricultural University,
Hisar, Haryana, India 125 004 (Haryana), India
*(e-mail : dhawan.29@gmail.com)
(Receieved : 2 March 2019; Accepted 28 March 2019)

SUMMARY

Cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.] is an important industrial crop of India. India leads the world in its area and production with 82 and 80 per cent of its global area and production, respectively. Among the various soil borne diseases, dry root rot disease causes heavy losses every year especially in arid and semi-arid regions. The dry root rot fungus Rhizoctonia bataticola was isolated from root rot infected cluster bean plant collected from the cluster bean field of Forage Section, CCSHAU Hisar. A measured amount of fungus suspension was mixed in the upper layer of sterilized soil and covered with a thin layer of sterilized soil for its establishment. Cluster bean seeds were sown at the rate of 10 seeds/pot after two days of inoculation of fungus. Four different fungicides viz., Bavistin, Captan, Thiram and Captan + Hexaconazole (a formulation with a mixture of two fungicide) were used as seed dressing at a dose of 2.0g/kg seed. A minimum disease incidence of 33.3 and 39.9 per cent was recorded when the seeds were coated with bavistin followed by captan+hexaconazole as compared to the highest incidence of 66.7 per cent in cluster bean cv. HG-365 in control pots. Soil incorporation of six organic amendments viz. neem cake, mustard cake, cotton cake and vermicompost at a dose of 2g/kg soil, poultry manure and mushroom spent compost at a dose of 5g/kg soil were tested individually against R. bataticola on cluster bean cv. HG 365. A minimum disease incidence of 36.9 and 39.9 per cent was recorded when the soils were incorporated with mustard cake followed by cotton cake. The effect of soil application of Glomus fasciculatum (VAM) at a dose of 400, 500, 600 sporocarps/kg soil were evalvated against R. bataticola. A maximum of 40 percent disease control was recorded when the soils were incorporated with VAM 600 sporocarps/kg soil followed by 25 per cent when soils were incorporated with 500 sporocarps/kg soil and a least disease control of 10 per cent was achieved at 400 sporocarps/kg soil. The effect of soil application of Trichoderma viride at a dose of 5g and 10g /kg soil was tested for the dry root rot disease management. A maximum of 34.8 per cent plant disease control was recorded when the soils were incorporated with T. viride at the rate of 10g/kg soil, whereas, the disease control was 25.1 per cent at 5g/kg soil.

Key words: Cluster bean, Bavistin, Sporocarps, Organic amendments, Trichoderma viride, Glomus
fasciculatum

276-281

IMPACT OF FRONTLINE DEMONSTRATION ON PRODUCTIVITY AND PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS OF CLUSTER BEAN IN BARMER DISTRICT OF RAJASTHAN
LOKESH KUMAR JAIN*, HANUMAN PRASAD PAREWA AND SAWAI DAN RATNOO
College of Agriculture, Sumerpur (Pali) Rajasthan-306 902, India
*(e-mail : jainlokesh74@gmail.com)
(Received : 1 March 2019; Accepted : 30 March 2019)

SUMMARY

Front line demonstrations on cluster bean (Cv. RGC 936) were carried out at Farmers field in Barmer district of Rajasthan to evaluate the performance of variety from Kharif 2011 to Kharif 2013. The increase in grain yield with the adoption of improved technology was in the range of 37.6 to 44.0 percent in different years. Similarly, technology index was declined from 39 percent in Kharif 2011 to 21 percent in Kharif 2013 showed feasibility of variety. The economics showed that an approximate five times higher benefit was recorded with the adoption of improved packages over traditional cultivation except during 2012 in view of sudden increase in prices of grain of crop. It was contributed due to scientific management and monitoring of demonstrations of proven technologies of cluster bean and could be help to enhance the income level of the farming community.

Key words: Demonstration, economics, gap analysis, grain yields, cluster bean

282-285

PERFORMANCE OF DUAL PURPOSE OAT, WHEAT AND BARLEY UNDER DIFFERENT CUTTING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
A. S. GODARA, SATPAL*, NEELAM, Y. JINDAL AND D. S. PHOGAT
Forage Section, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 2Department of Agronomy
CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004 (Haryana), India
*(e-mail: satpal.fpj@gmail.com)
(Received : 5 February 2019; Accepted : 30 March 2019)

SUMMARY

A field experiment was conducted at CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (Haryana) during winter season (rabi) of 2014-15 to study the performance of dual purpose oat, wheat and barley under different cutting management system. Three crops viz. oat, wheat and barley and four cutting management viz. no cutting, cutting for fodder at 50, 60 and 70 days after sowing (DAS) were replicated thrice under split plot design. The varieties used were HJ 8, WH 1164 and RD 2035 for oat, wheat and barley, respectively. The soil of the experimental field was sandy loam in texture with pH 8.6, organic carbon 0.49%, available phosphorus 14.0 kg/ha and available potassium 254.0 kg/ha. Among crops, oat produced the maximum green fodder, dry matter followed by barley. However, wheat produced the maximum grain yield followed by barley. Among different cutting management practices, maximum green fodder and dry matter yield were recorded when cut was taken 70 DAS and then left for grain. Wheat crop produced the highest grain and second highest straw yield and thereby fetched highest B:C ratio (2.16). Based on the results, it could be concluded that among the crops viz. oat, barley and wheat, all the three crops suits for dual purpose but crop selection should be based on the priority of end user. If the priority was to get more green fodder from first cut then oat could be first choice followed by barley and wheat. Besides this, the cutting management schedule needs to be standardized. The green fodder yield increased significantly as the number of days to cut increased from 50 to 70 from sowing. But the grain yield decreased significantly as the cutting schedule was advanced from 50 days onward. Based on the economic analysis, wheat was the most remunerative crop followed by oat for dual purpose. If compared with no cut where remunerations were highest, the cut at 50 DAS was most beneficial.

Key words: Dual purpose, dry matter, fodder yield, cutting management, oat, barley and wheat

286-290