PERFORMANCE OF WINTER CROPS IN JATROPHA CURCAS BASE INTERCROPPING SYSTEM IN SEMI-ARID REGION OF HARYANA

M. K. SINGH

 Department of Forestry,

CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125004

 (email: mks.hau.cssri@gmail.com)

(Received:  22 April 2014; Accepted: 9 July 2014)

SUMMARY

A field experiment was conducted to identify suitable crops for Jatropha based intercropping system during winter season of 2005-06 and 2006-07 at Department of Forestry Farm, CCS HAU, Hisar. The production potential of  mustard (Brassica juncea) cv. RH-30, Eruca sativa cv. T-27, chickpea (Cicer arietinum) cv. HC-5 and barley (Hordeum vulgare) cv. BH-393 were evaluated under 5m x 3m spacing of Jatropha. Jatropha plantation had  significant effect on the growth and yield of test crops during both the year of experimentation. However, the growth, yield and yield attributes of all the test crops were reduced more in second year as compared to first year of experimentation. Two year old Jatropha produced negligible seed yield both during 2005-06 and 2006-07 due to frost injury in 2005-06 and excessive vegetative growth during 2006-07. Therefore, susceptibility of Jatropha to frost, requirement of irrigation for flowering and fruiting and poor seed yield has rendered it unsuitable for north India.

 Key words: Performance, intercropping, mustard, Eruca sativa, chickpea, barley

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