INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUES IN FODDER PRODUCTION-A REVIEW
SRUTHI LIZ THOMAS AND USHA C THOMAS*
AICRP on Forage Crops & Utilization,
College of Agriculture,
Vellayani, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala- 695 522, India
*(e-mail : ushacthomas@gmail.com)
(Received : 2 March 2019; Accepted : 28 March 2019)

SUMMARY

Livestock is the sub-sector of agriculture which plays an important role in nutritional security, particularly of small and marginal farmers. But productivity of our animals is much less than global average due to many reasons, feed and fodder deficiency being the major one. Considering the feed shortage and unavailability of land for fodder cultivation, it is the need of the hour to adopt innovative methods in fodder cultivation both in production and preservation of fodder. Improved methods in fodder production can be considered under four aspects which includes: seed technology, system approach, hi-tech farming and adopting mechanisation in fodder production. Improved methods in preservation includes; technological interventions in hay and silage like additives for quality hay and silage, preserving as haylage, balage and making dehydrated products like pellets and cubes.

Key words: Hitech farming, BN hybrid, Deenanath grass, Guinea grass, System approach