EVALUATION OF INTENSIVE FODDER CROPPING SYSTEMS FOR ROUND THE YEAR GREEN FODDER PRODUCTION IN CHHATTISGARH
S. K. JHA AND NITISH TIWARI
Department of Agronomy
Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya
Raipur-492012 (Chhattisgarh) India
*(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org)
(Received : 6 August 2018; Accepted : 25 September 2018)
A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the intensive fodder cropping systems for round the year green fodder production in Chhattisgarh under irrigated condition during 2014-15 to 2016-17. The soil of the experimental field was vertisols clayey in texture, low in nitrogen, medium in phosphorus and high in potassium with the low organic carbon. Experiment was carried out in randomized block design with eight cropping system with the objective to find out appropriate annual cropping system for maximum fodder production and economic feasibility. Pooled result of three year indicated that among different cropping system maize + rice bean (2:1) – oat multi cut – sorghum multi cut + cowpea (2:1) cropping system proved higher green fodder yield, 1180 q/ha. The next combination was pearl millet multi cut + rice bean (2:1) + oat multi cut + maize + cowpea (2:1) (1129 q/ha). With regards to dry matter yield maize + rice bean (2:1) – oat multi cut – sorghum multi cut + cowpea (2:1) cropping system recorded 247 q/ha which was at par with the pearl millet multi cut + rice bean (2:1) –oat multi cut – maize + cowpea (2:1) (235 q/ha). Pearl millet multi cut + rice bean (2:1) – berseem – maize + cowpea (2:1) recorded significantly higher crude protein yield (25.84 q/ha) which was at par with maize + rice bean (2:1) – berseem – sorghum multi cut + cowpea (2:1) cropping system (25.30 q ha-1). Maximum system productivity of green fodder (4.15 q/ha) and dry fodder (.86 q/ha) was recorded with the cropping system of maize + rice bean (2:1) – oat multi cut – sorghum multi cut + cowpea (2:1). The mean data of different cropping system over the year revealed that maize + rice bean (2:1) – oat multi cut – sorghum multi cut + Cowpea (2:1) system gave significantly higher gross return (Rs 134943/ha) , net return (Rs 89108/ha), economic efficiency (Rs 313/ha day) and B:C ratio (1.94). It clearly indicated that maize – oat – sorghum multi cut based production system proved higher biomass of superior quality for livestock and net return under agro climatic situation of Chhattisgarh.