EXPLORING THE SEED PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN OAT(AVENA SATIVA L.)
R. N. ARORA
Forage Section, Department of Genetics & Plant Breeding,
CCS, Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125004 (Haryana), India
(Received: 4 February 2014; Accepted: 20 March 2014)
Single cut oat genotypes OS 6 (36.1 q/ha) and OS 363 (33.3 q/ha) and dual type oat genotypes RJB-1 (40.7 q/ha) and UPO 05-1 (25.9 q/ha), UPO 212 and OS 6 (25.9 q/ha) ranked first and second, respectively for seed yield at CCS HAU, Hisar whereas, at All-India level, single cut genotypes UPO 09-1 (23.7q/ha) and OS 6 (23.0 q/ha) and dual type genotypes RJB-1 (40.7 q/ha), UPO 05-1 (25.9 q/ha), UPO 212 & OS 6 (25.9 q/ha) stood first and second, respectively. Seed yield averaged over five seasons (2007-08 to 2011-12) at nine different locations across the country showed that highest seed yield in oats was obtained at Hisar in Haryana, N-W Zone (28.8 q/ha), at Kanke, Ranchi in Jharkhand, N-E Zone (28.7 q/ha) and at Srinagar in J&K, Hill Zone (28.3 q/ha), followed by Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh and Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh, in Central Zone (24.4 q/ha) as compared to national average of 22.0 q/ha, emphasizing thereby that the climatic conditions of these locations are highly suited for harnessing higher oat seed production.
Key words : oat genotypes, fodder and seed yield.