GANESH KUMAR KOLI, HARSH CHAURASIA, R. K. ARYA* AND IBRAHIM HASSANI
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding,
Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125004, India
Agricultural Research Institute of Afghanistan (ARIA), Badam-Bagh, Kabul (Afghanistan)
*(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org)
(Received : 25 Jaunary 2022; Accepted : 24 March 2022)
Faba bean (Vicia faba) is a winter season legume crop. The seeds of faba bean are known as a good source of protein (29.4%), carbohydrate (51 – 68%) and fat (1.5%). In 100 g of edible portion, it contains 7.2 g carbohydrate, 4.5 g protein, 0.1 g fat, 0.08 mg thiamine, 12.0 mg ascorbic acid, 50mg calcium and 1.4mg iron. Faba bean have many medicinal values as it is used as ingredients and applications to soften stiff limbs. The seeds of faba bean are good source of L-DOPA, a precursor dopamine, which is used as a medicine for the treatments of Parkinson’s disease. It also has antioxidant activities. As we know that variability is perquisite for any crop improvement programme. If in any crop, sufficient genetic variability is present, help in further improvement as well as development of superior cultivars. Genetic variability and genetic diversence is the primary consideration of many investigators. This study has paramount role in breeding for wide adaptation. It helps in selection of desirable parents for an efficient hybridization program. Further, the knowledge of inter-relationships among different characters is helpful because the selection of one trait may directly affect the performance of another, which is determining the components of complex characters like yield. Therefore, keeping the importance of these studies in faba bean, this effort is made to collect the available information from the different sources for further utilization for researchers’ working in this field.
Key words: Faba bean, Vicia faba, genetic variability, divergence, character association