ADOPTION LEVEL OF MODERN SORGHUM PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY IN HARYANA
DHARMENDER SINGH, PARDEEP KUMAR CHAHAL* AND B. S. GHANGHAS
Department of Extension Education
CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004 (Haryana), India*(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org)
(Received : 3 December 2019; Accepted : 16 December 2019)
In India sorghum is the fifth most important cereal crop after wheat, rice, maize and barley. It is mainly grown in the region of Peninsular and Central India. Maharashtra is leading state in sorghum production followed by Karnataka while Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and other states grow sorghum in small areas mainly for fodder. In Haryana, sorghum is grown as fodder crop and area of sorghum in Haryana is 40.3 thousand hectare, and total production of sorghum is 21.3 thousand tones with average yield of 528 kg per hectare (DOA, Haryana). The objective of the study was to find out the adoption level of modern sorghum production technology in Haryana on various parameters. In Gurugram district, two blocks were selected and out of these two blocks, eight villages were selected randomly for the study (Four villages from each block). 120 sorghum growers were selected from these eight villages and interviewed with the help of a well structured interview schedule on different independent and dependent variables. The collected data was analyzed with various statistical tools. The results of the study revealed that in case of recommended cultivars majority of respondents belong to full adoption category. Majority of respondents had partial level of adoption in recommended seed rate, time of planting, manure and fertilizers, intercultural operations, irrigation and disease and their control. To overcome the partial adoption, there are some strategies we should follow, like need to highlight the sorghum production to bridge the gap in demand and availability of fodder in the area. Regular trainings of sorghum growers should be organized related to fodder and animal sciences. Agriculture Officers must be given trainings through various refresher courses on sorghum and other fodder production technologies.
Key words:Adoption, schedule, forage sorghum, intercultural, cultivar